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Dog Snapper

Lutjanus jocu

Snapper Family

Saltwater Fish Identification

Dog Snapper

Common Name(s):
Black Snapper, Pacific Dog Snapper, Yellow Snapper
Dog Snappers are a light red with yellowish-orange color on their sides. This color pattern gets darker on the dorsal edge. Their fins are a yellowish-orange and they have noticeable purple dots on their gill flaps. There is a broken blue streak on gill cover below the eye and a white, v-shaped patch on the gill cover, under the blue markings. The tail is almost truncate, usually being very slightly forked to crescent shaped. The dorsal fin has 10 spines followed by 14 soft rays, the anal fin is rounded with 3 spines and 8 rays. The pectoral fins do not reach to the anal fin, nor do they reach as far as the vent in adults. The name Dog Snapper comes from their prominent canine teeth. They are considerably more toothy than their other Snapper cousins. Like all Snappers, the Dog Snapper is a great fighter.
Similar Fish:
Other snappers
Feeding Habits:
It is an active night predator of smaller fish and crustaceans.
Dog Snapper are present throughout most of Florida, the Bahamas and the Caribbean.
The adult Dog Snapper usually prowl the coral reefs of South Florida, the Keys and Bahamas. Elsewhere, it is occasionally caught offshore. The young live in shallow rocky areas of tropical shoals and shorelines.
Typical Size:
The average size is just a couple of pounds but can be found between 10 to 15 pounds and can reach close to 30 pounds.
World Record:
24 pounds, 0 ounces (IGFA)