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Cutthroat Trout

Oncorhynchus clarki

Trout Family

Freshwater Fish Identification

Cutthroat Trout

Common Name(s):
Clark's trout, red-throated trout, short-tailed trout
The characteristic that gave the cutthroat its name is the yellow, orange or red streak in the skin fold on each side under the lower jaw. The body is covered with black spot which extend onto the fins and tail.
Similar Fish:
Lake trout, brook trout
Feeding Habits:
Inland cutthroats mostly consume insects, both land and aquatic varieties, as well as other small fish. Coastal cutthroats eat various small fish, shrimp, worms, and squid.
Cutthroat trout are widely distributed in the western United States and the sea-run form of the trout will not usually extend inland more then 100 miles. The lake form of the trout is found from Alberta, Canada down to New Mexico and throughout the western half of the United States.
Inland and coastal cutthroat live in a wide variety of coldwater habitats, from tributaries, streams, and ponds to large lakes and rivers. Coastal cutthroat will stay in saltwater near shore until the spawning season. During the spawning season they can then be found in rivers and streams with accessible lakes.
Typical Size:
Adult cutthroat will average in size of 12-15 inches in length and 1/2 to 17 pounds. The cutthroat trout has a lifespan up to about 12 years.
World Record:
41 pounds, 0 ounces (Source - IGFA)